sequence in which your child reaches milestones is much more important
than the age.
usually grow in a fairly predictable way but the range of what is
considered normal is broad. If you are worried about your child's
development check with your doctor or child health nurse.
understand the world, being imaginative, expressing feelings,
coordinating the body and being with others, are all related - and all
are as important as each other.
to rolling over
babies need to have their necks protected. To help
strengthen their necks, put them on their stomach for a
little while each day.
help babies reach out for, hold and bring toys to the mouth,
put them on their back and give them a clean, safe object
which can't be swallowed, like a rattle, block or plastic
cup to grasp.
enjoy and need to kick and throw their arms around. Put a
toy or noisy object at their feet so they can have fun.
can get bored being in the same place all the time. Take
baby with you, in a sling or pram, as you move around.
can roll over at any age, sometimes at the worst moments,
like on a bed or change table. Never leave baby alone.
over is the start of learning to crawl. Babies will go from
rolling, to rocking on all fours, to crawling. They will
soon be into everything.
you have stairs it's important to have a secure gate at both
the top and bottom of them. Put a gate in as soon as your
baby shows any signs of crawling.
babies learn to crawl they'll try and stand up by pulling on
things. Be careful - they can now reach hot cups of tea,
sharp knives or electric cords. They will be able to pull
things onto themselves.
about 14 months babies begin to climb. They find it easy to
climb up (this sometimes can be dangerous) but will need
your help getting down.
baby is on the move it's time to move precious or dangerous
like doing things over and over and over again.
is a baby's only way of telling you what they need.
Babies cry when they need help. They may be hungry,
scared, lonely or hurt.
will learn trust and feel safe by having their needs
met promptly. Babies learn to trust people when they
are held, protected and loved. This is not spoiling
a thrill when your baby first smiles at you. The
baby has learnt another way to express feelings.
the time your baby is six months old you will have
learnt a lot. You'll usually understand what the
cries, gurgles and smiles mean. Babies love it when
you talk to them.
learn from everyone around them. They need people so
they can learn how to express their feelings.
like human faces and voices and soon recognize their
quickly learn how to get attention by holding up
their arms and wriggling. They love playing games
parents think about returning to work when their
child is about eight months old. At about this age
some babies are nervous and don't like meeting or
being left with new people. They may become upset.
This stage will pass!
toys that help your child feel good about their
abilities. Take note of suggested ages on packaging
as toys made for older children may leave infants
and toddlers frustrated. From nine months babies
love feeling successful, especially when you tell
them and encourage them.
around 12 months babies may like being with other
babies and toddlers. Some babies may take a little
longer to feel comfortable with other children.
begin to learn as soon as their eyes are open. They
learn most from home. You are your baby's most
learn by hearing you talk and sing to them. They
learn by doing things over and over.
are talking to you from their first cry. It's
important to talk to them. When they gurgle and coo
- gurgle and coo back at them and watch them smile!
sounds are repeated back to babies it tells them you
think what they are saying is important.
your local library - it will have lots of
information - books, tapes and music. There may also
be a toy library near you or ask the Coordinator at
the Parenting Information Center.
to watch for
Babies all develop at a different rate. But there are
things to look out for so you know your child is
one month your baby should:
at loud noises
and swallow easily
gains in weight and height
eye contact when awake and being held.
four months your baby should:
to raise head and upper body when lying on tummy
a moving object with both eyes
head to locate sounds
for familiar objects or familiar people.
eight months your baby should:
babble and laugh aloud
interested in new and unusual sounds
for and grasp objects and search for hidden objects
12 months your baby should:
when fast moving objects approach the eye
or crawl on hands and knees
objects from hand to hand.
18 months to two years your baby should:
to talk or repeat words
alone with very little help
different emotions: anger, delight, fear
an interest in pictures.
with your child health nurse or doctor if your baby
hasn't reached these milestones by the ages suggested.